November 11, 2019

Would you say your kid is simply interested, entertained, attracted, enthusiastic, passionate, hooked or addicted? Find out now.

While every kid reacts differently to video games, the negative impact of excessive use of digital screens is now largely demonstrated by numerous paediatric studies. Drawing the line between healthy and unhealthy use of technology is more subtle that it seems.

We offer you an interactive quiz to help you evaluate to which extent your child might be dependent or addicted to technology. Symptoms of addiction have many forms. This guide takes into account the advice of Richard Graham, Technology Addiction Psychiatrist at London’s Nightingale Hospital as well as the signs of smartphone addiction described by James Roberts, professor of marketing focused on the psychology of consumer behavior. 

Prevent gaming excess

Although it may seem harmless, the excessive use of screens has negative effects related to three main aspects:

  1. Screen time: paediatrics associations in various countries recommend no more that two hours per day of combined technology use. Remember this includes time spent on television, consoles, tablets and smartphones.
  2. Appropriate content for their age: parents should respect the game and film rating classification per age. Not all the content is suitable for kids. Violence and strong scenes are particularly damaging on younger kids creating unnecessary stress.
  3. The child’s age: this is one of the main risk factors. The youngest ones (children and teenagers) are more likely to develop an addiction to digital entertainment. Parents should guide them towards healthy habits that need to be constantly adapted to the kid’s age.

It’s great that kids play and have fun for a while with screens. However, constant entertainment with such equipment generates dependence and addiction. That’s a real risk many parents don’t want to honestly face as it is often very convenient to use technology or screens as babysitter replacements. Don’t be mistaken: your kid will ultimately pay the price for all these abuses.

Differences between dependence and addiction

Screen and video game dependence appears when:

  1. The pleasure produced by the game progressively decreases. Therefore, the player will need to play more time to feel satisfied (Tolerance syndrome).
  2. By disrupting or suddenly reducing a particular activity, the person experiences an unpleasant emotion  and/or physical symptoms (Withdrawal syndrome).
  3. Unintended use and persistent desire. The person tries strategies such as turning off the phone and turning off the sound, but cannot stop using the devices.


In addition to these three factors, the addiction implies that a particular activity becomes the most important thing in the life of the person. It results from an illness triggered by brain changes that occur after using some drugs or after engaging in some extremely pleasurable activities. It dominates thoughts, feelings and behaviour. It also creates conflicts.

The addiction to mobile phones is a compulsive disorder that can have severe negative consequences on health and social relationships. For example, someone addicted to video games will often avoid sleeping or eating proper meals in order to continue gaming. It could eventually lead to a sleep disorder or diet-related health issues.

What is important is not the particular activity that generates dependence, but the relationship established with it and the existence of a prior predisposition (environmental conditions and personality of the child). In this regard, Dr. Bruce Alexander, professor of psychology in Vancouver, argues that addiction is an adaptation to an unfavorable environment

Griffiths, M.D. 1998 indicates the existence of “technological addictions” which are defined as non-chemical addictions that involve human-machine interaction. These can be passive (television) or active (video games, the Internet).

Echeburúa, E.1999 and Griffiths said that the Internet could be, in most cases, only a means or place to fuel other addictions or disorders related to: sex, gambling, food, shopping and work.

Human beings have a deep need for attachment and bonding. If we cannot connect with people, we will connect with anything we find to obtain satisfaction. – Peter Cohen, sociologist.

Quiz to identify gaming addiction (less than 3min)


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